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Elders blog

Referendums could be key to peace deal


20 years after Oslo: facts on the ground

The 1993 Oslo Accords were a landmark peace agreement, establishing the two-state solution as the formula for ending the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. But they deferred the most important and difficult issues: the status of Jerusalem; refugees and the right of return; Israeli settlements; security; and borders.

Twenty years on, we look at where these issues stand and what challenges remain before a peaceful resolution can finally be negotiated.